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What is primary hyperpathyroidism?

Hyperparathyroidism is a condition in which one or more of the parathyroid glands become overactive. The parathyroid glands are four small glands located in the neck, on the thyroid gland. They produce a hormone called parathyroid hormone (PTH), which helps regulate levels of calcium and phosphorous in the body. When hyperparathyroidism occurs, too much PTH is produced, which can lead to serious health problems.


What Causes Hyperparathyroidism?

The most common cause of hyperparathyroidism is an adenoma, or a benign tumour, on one of the parathyroid glands. This tumour causes the gland to produce too much PTH, leading to high calcium levels in the blood. Other rarer causes include hereditary conditions such as multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1).


Symptoms of Hyperparathyroidism

Hyperparathyroidism can cause a variety of symptoms including bone pain, muscle weakness, fatigue, and depression. These are “non specific” symptoms meaning they may be caused by other conditions. Hyperparathyroidism can also cause kidney stones, osteoporosis (thinning of the bones) and arthritis-like joint pain. In some cases, no symptoms may be present at all; however, this does not mean that it isn’t causing damage to other organs in your body. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms or suspect you may have hyperparathyroidism, it is important to seek medical advice from your doctor


Treatment for Hyperparathyroidsim

The treatment for hyperparthyoidism depends on its cause and severity. Surgery is the only cure for hyperparathyroidism. After surgery, regular checkups with your doctor will be necessary to ensure that PTH levels remain within normal range and that any potential complications are prevented or treated promptly.



Hyperparthyoidism is a condition that can have significant effects on your overall health if left untreated. If you suspect that you may have hyperparathyroidism or are experiencing any symptoms related to this condition such as bone pain or fatigue, it is important to visit your doctor so they can properly diagnose and treat you as soon as possible.